It is very important for the caregiver to know about what the client or loved one can or cannot eat. Whether they live in their home or in an assisted living facility, caregivers should learn several diets to be able to assist the elderly. Among these types of diet one can find: low-cholesterol diets, low-in-salt diet, low-fat diet, high-protein diets or diabetes diets.

Doctors are the ones that will recommend a special diet. Obviously the food restrictions will depend on the diet the client has to follow.

The following presents information about different diets:

Low-Cholesterol Diet

The levels of cholesterol depend on the amount of serum cholesterol in the blood, if the level is high this could lead to clogged arteries and heart diseases. If the patient presents a high level the recommended diet will be a low-cholesterol one.

This type of diet includes fruits and vegetables, lean proteins and whole grains. On the other hand, avoid fried foods, processed foods and high-in-fat dairy products.

Diabetes Diet

To diagnosed diabetic patients the diet will include processed/refined food and very little sugar. To keep normal levels of sugar is important and to be very cautious with the diet.

Caregivers should also be aware of the diet the patient has to follow so they can help maintain the patient’s health. Also they should monitor the correct use of blood glucose meters.

Low-Fat Diet

In obese clients this type of diet might be prescribe to lose weight before a surgical procedure. Such a diet has a restriction in the calorific intake and to have optimal results patients should follow this diet thoroughly.

Emotionally supporting the patient is highly recommended; to let them know they can do it or that the diet will be over soon will help the patient. This diet might include fasting, the intake of only soups and liquids and obviously the calorific restriction.

High-Blood-Pressure Diet

Foods that are free of MSG, unprocessed food, and low-in- sodium food are part of this diet plan. The intake of fruits and vegetables, unsalted nuts and dried beans are recommended.

Fast food or the food served in restaurants are usually high in sodium, they might contain three time more salt than the daily recommended amount. So it would be wise to prevent patients from eating this kind of food.

Caregivers must consider the patients diet very important since it can help to provide them with a better life style and it promotes a healthy environment for the senior/loved one.

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